Abstract Body


Emerging data indicate that people with HIV (PWH) are at risk of more severe outcomes from COVID-19. We described the clinical course and laboratory parameters pre- and post-COVID-19 in an early-treated HIV cohort in Thailand.


RV254 cohort participants were enrolled during Fiebig I-V acute HIV and initiated antiretroviral therapy (ART) within days. They underwent regular blood tests (CD4+ & CD8+ T-cell counts, HIV RNA), neuropsychiatric (NP) assessment (Color Trails 1 & 2, non-dominant hand Grooved Pegboard, Trails Making A), and mood questionnaires (Patient Health Questionnaire-9, Distress Thermometer) post-enrollment longitudinally. Their assessment outcomes pre- and post-COVID-19 were compared using Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE) with a normal distribution and identity link (CD4+, CD8+ T-cell counts, NP parameters) or binomial distribution with log link (HIV RNA), and autoregressive correlation structure.


Between 4/2021 and 9/2022, 295 participants on ART (98% male, median age 32 [IQR 28-37] were diagnosed with COVID-19. Of these, 16(5%), 38(13%) and 241(82%) were infected with α, δ and o variants, determined by the predominant strain circulating in Thailand at the time of infection; 238(81%) received ≥2 doses of COVID-19 vaccines prior to diagnosis; 121(41%) received favipiravir. While 106 (36%) were managed in hospital or ‘hospitel’, including one intensive care unit admission, only 4(1.4%) received supplemental oxygen and none required mechanical ventilation (mean length of stay: 12 days). The participants were followed a median of 8 [IQR 5–15] weeks post-COVID. Comparing the outcomes pre- and post-COVID, plasma HIV suppression rate remained stable (98% vs. 96%, p=0.212). CD4+ (782 [IQR 708-856] vs. 823 [IQR 748-899], p=0.018) and CD8+ (622 [IQR 563-681] vs. 667 [IQR 605-728], p=0.023) T-cell counts were higher at follow-up after adjusting for age, sex, and duration between COVID-19 diagnosis and follow-up. The increasing trends of CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell were sustained on subsequent visits. Mood scores and NP performance (n=217) were stable at follow-up.


In this cohort of young PWH on stable ART, we did not observe major clinical adverse events after COVID-19. Increases of CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell counts were observed while mood and NP parameters remained stable. More extensive NP assessment with incorporation of multimodal imaging outcomes and longer follow-up are needed to determine the long-term sequelae of COVID-19 in PWH.

Laboratory and clinical outcomes of RV254 participants who had COVID-19 between April 2021 & September 2022